At present there are no plans for a centrally administered examination to licence practice as a Neonatologist. Several European member countries currently have such certification and the training described in this document merely underpins this process and we anticipate these processes will be recognised. Certification of medical practitioners occurs on a national basis, which is not affected by this process. Individuals holding their national Certificate of Completion of Specialist Training (or equivalent) are eligible to work in other EU states. The process described in this document is intended to provide a framework whereby there may be confidence in the training of neonatologists in each member country.